The Illegal Replacement of the Articles of Confederation and Its Current Remedy



The USA began as a confederation of States, the States sending delegates to the Continental Congress to represent them.  The Articles of Confederation of this confederated USA were written in 1776 and in effect as the constitution of this confederated USA until 1789.  The Articles were a league and covenant of the States of the Christian Anglo-American patriot people (the nation for which they were entered), looking to God as the one who providentially brought them into effect, as the words of the Articles themselves convey:

“…the Delegates of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, did, on the 15th day of November, in the Year of Our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy seven, and in the Second Year of the Independence of America, agree to certain articles of Confederation and perpetual Union…The said states hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other, for their common defence, the security of their Liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other… to make requisitions from each state for its quota, in proportion to the number of white inhabitants in such state…the Articles of this confederation shall be inviolably observed by every state, and the union shall be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them; unless such alteration be agreed to in a congress of the united states, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every state…it hath pleased the Great Governor of the World to incline the hearts of the legislatures we respectively represent in congress, to approve of, and to authorize us to ratify the said articles of confederation and perpetual union…”

Those who wanted to replace it (“the Federalists”) did so illegally.  Here is how they did it, as explained at :


“When the delegates met at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787, they had been assembled by Congress and the states with the task to “correct and enlarge” the Articles of Confederation… while they had been tasked with specific instructions from their governments, several of the leading delegates had secret plans to ignore these instructions and instead propose to abolish the government and replace it with a central, national one…


Edmund Randolph of Virginia began the convention by proposing a series of resolutions to establish a new form of government over the states. He explained that attempting to reform the Articles of the Confederation with a “merely federal” government was inadequate to preserve the “common defence, security of liberty, and general welfare.” And he instead proposed replacing the confederation with a “national government” consisting of a “supreme legislative, judiciary and executive.” Gouverneur Morris of New York agreed with Randolph, explaining that while a federal government was “a mere compact resting on the good faith of the parties,” the American people, and in fact all people, required a government consisting of “one supreme power, and one only.”


However, Congress had clearly not authorized the delegates to replace the Confederation Congress with a national one, and some of the delegates were quick to point this out. The convention had been assembled by Congress “for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles,” and two of the states had even expressly restricted their delegates to this task. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney of South Carolina went so far as to say that if they attempted anything more than this, then they were “declaring that the convention does not act under the authority of the recommendation of Congress,” and therefore “their business was at an end.”



William Paterson of New Jersey requested that the convention read aloud the very specific set of instructions that Massachusetts had tasked its delegates with… He warned that should they exceed their commission they would “be charged by our constituents with usurpation.” 


However, Randolph disregarded these reservations… Alexander Hamilton, representing New York, agreed with both Randolph’s assessment of the situation and the cure… In Hamilton’s opinion, Congress had demonstrated that as a representative of the states it was totally inadequate to unite the people without falling prey to the local interests of the states themselves. A single, national government was essential to American success…


When the convention put it to a vote, the delegates backed Hamilton and Randolph’s defense of their authority, and voted six to one to repudiate the Articles and establish a national rather than federal government… Several of the delegates walked out of the convention, convinced that staying would be a betrayal of their state governments…”


A number of States, especially Rhode Island and North Carolina, vehemently opposed the replacement, as did many Anti-federalists in all of the states. Nor did the confederated Congress agree to the replacement.

According to Article XIII of the Confederation, any alteration had to be approved unanimously: “The Articles of this Confederation shall be inviolably observed by every State, and the Union shall be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them; unless such alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every State.”

Nevertheless, Federalists insisted on the replacement, and they were some of the most powerful men in the nation.  So the Articles were abandoned and replaced, creating a strong national government and eventually a “global nation” empire with its capital in Washington, DC.  In this way, the Articles of Confederation were unadvisedly and illegally replaced by the federal constitution.


Patrick Henry and other “Anti-federalists” decried this replacement, and warned of its effects.  Their warnings have been vindicated and proved prescient.


But setting aside the results, the process itself was problematic and objectionable.  The Articles of Confederation offered a legal path for amendment, and this legal path was set aside.


Here is the current remedy:


Goal: restore confederated USA of Anglo-American Patriot States, under the Articles of Confederation (America’s first constitution that was unadvisedly and illegally abandoned), with America’s first national flag (the Continental Colors or Grand Union flag) as the symbol of our enterprise:




This confederated USA can have partitioned out of the USA those liberal “blue” areas in a sea of “red” areas that remain part of the USA, such as illustrated here:





Method: create a network of Committees of Correspondence of Anglo-American patriots in every State of the USA.  Each State Committee will in turn elect a State Council/Assembly, which can then send delegates to a restored Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation.


Time to Form Committee Network and Restore Continental Congress: Now!!! Please join in this effort by joining your State’s Committee of Correspondence: . 


Time When the State Committees and Continental Congress can Replace the current Federal System of Government: during the likely coming major financial collapse (due to ever increasing debt) and fall of the Federal System. The current Federal System is economically, politically and morally bankrupt, and hence highly unstable.  It is amassing more and more debt, making it subject to a coming financial collapse which will make the collapse of 2008 look tame in comparison.  It has become more and more of a socialist police state over a “global nation” increasingly difficult to manage, especially in a coming time of financial collapse. Hostile foreign competitors like China and Russia (working with rogue states like North Korea and Iran) are gathering strength and positioning themselves to bring down the US Federal government as well, while the Federal System is over-extended with military outposts around the world.  Federal efforts to maintain abortion, mandate “gay marriage”, promote the “LGBT” agenda, curtail gun rights, etc., at a time of rising suicide rates, an opioid crisis, and declining birthrates, are evidence of moral bankruptcy.  All combined, there are good reasons to believe the Federal System will fall, with the alternative Confederated System waiting in the wings to replace it.



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